So if Jesus is not the Son of God, then who is he? – When I first started to read an English translation of the Qur’an (also known as Koran) that was available in my Secondary College’s Library, Christianity was my professed religion. I can still remember today how fascinated I was with what was being discovered by this 17 year old who would openly profess allegiance to the Church of England in class, ridiculing anyone who would not follow suite.
Not only did this book with its’ exotic cover contain the most beautiful stories of the previous Prophets that I loved to hear about in Bible class, but amazing stories I didn’t know of as well.
The biggest surprise for me came from the verses related to Jesus Christ. The Qur’an contained the incredible stories of his righteous mother, miraculous birth and even some miracles not found in the Bible such as Jesus defending his mother’s honour from the cradle.
The initial shock came when I stumbled across verses of the Qur’an stating that Jesus was not the ‘Son of God’, ‘God never begot a Son’ and that ‘Jesus was not part of a divine Trinity’. I was shell shocked – “What had I discovered?!”
O People of the Scripture! Do not exaggerate in your religion nor utter aught concerning God save the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a messenger of God, and His word which He conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from Him. So believe in God and His messengers, and say not “Three”. Cease! (It is) better for you! God is the only One God. Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All¬Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs. (Qur’an, 4:171)
I had discovered that what the Qur’an was saying completely contradicted the doctrine of the Trinity taught by all of the main Christian Churches in the world today.
I was now on a mission; I had my mind set to uncover what the bible had to say in defense of such allegations.
Some of things I discovered then and now are documented below starting with Jesus being the Son of God.
And when the centurion, who stood facing him, saw that he thus breathed his last, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!” (Revised Standard Version, Mark 15:39)
So the people in that time confessed to Jesus being the ‘Son of God’.
And they all said, “Are you the Son of God, then?” And he said to them, “You say that I am.” (Luke 22:70)
And the now infamous John 3:16
For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. (John 3:16)
But if we read on we will find that the term ‘Son of God’ was not just reserved for Jesus as some may claim, but also used by Jesus to describe the God fearing.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God. (Matthew 5:9)
Reading through not only the New Testament but the Old Testament, we will uncover that the Biblical term for people of piety and righteousness was ‘The Children of God’.
In Islam we use the word Muttaqoon.
But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High; for he is kind to the ungrateful and the selfish. (Luke 6:35)
Even Paul, who claimed to be divinely inspired by Jesus and was at the forefront of ascribing divinity to Jesus, wrote in his letter to the Romans the following line…
For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. (Romans 8:14)
So where does this idea of Jesus being the sole ‘Son of God’ come from?
The verse that was given as the best proof for the Doctrine of Trinity has now been deleted from the Bible.
It once read:-
For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.
This verse known as 1 John 5:7 is now universally recognised as being a later “insertion” of the Church.
Daniel B. Wallace (PhD, Dallas Theological Seminary – is a professor of New Testament studies at Dallas Theological Seminary and a noted grammarian) states in his article ‘The Textual Problem in 1 John 5:7-8’ that: “This reading, the infamous Comma Johanneum, has been known in the English-speaking world through the King James translation. However, the evidence—both external and internal—is decidedly against its authenticity.”
Mr Wallace continues by saying that “…there is no sure evidence of this reading in any Greek manuscript until the 1500s…” and that “The Trinitarian formula (known as the Comma Johanneum) made its way into the third edition of Erasmus’ Greek NT (1522) because of pressure from the Catholic Church.
After his first edition appeared (1516), there arose such a furor over the absence of the Comma that Erasmus needed to defend himself. He argued that he did not put in the Comma because he found no Greek manuscripts that included it.” [http://www.bible.org/page.asp?page_id=1186]
Many of the recent versions of the Bible, such as The Revised Standard Version, The New Revised Standard Version, The New American Standard Bible, The New English Bible, and The Phillips Modern English Bible do not contain this verse, some instead include it as a footnote citing it as a later edition.
So where did the Trinity come from?
The New Encyclopedia Britannica states, “Neither the word Trinity, nor the explicit doctrine appears in the New Testament, nor did Jesus and his followers intend to contradict the Shema (The Judaic profession of Monotheism) in the Old Testament: “Hear O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord.” (Deuteronomy 6:4). The earliest Christians, however, had to cope with the implications of the coming of Jesus Christ and of the presumed presence and power of God among them…” (The New Encyclopedia Britannica Volume II, 15th Edition 2002, p 928)
So it was not Jesus or his followers that taught the doctrine of Trinity but people who came after them?!
And if that is not troublesome enough, they added their fictitious beliefs to the religious text now titled the Bible?!
The Bible warns against such actions:-
I warn every one who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if any one adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, and if any one takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book. (Revelation 22:18-19)
You’re possibly wondering now if this is addition also?
God Almighty gives a stern warning in the Qur’an:-
Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say, “This is from God,” to purchase with it a little price! Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for that they earn thereby. (Qur’an, 2:79)
So if Jesus is not the Son of God, then who is he?
Both the Bible and the Qur’an will confirm that he was a Prophet and Messenger who called to the oneness of God, as did the Prophets and Messenger who preceded him.
And demons also came out of many, crying, “You are the Son of God!” But he rebuked them, and would not allow them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ.
And when it was day he departed and went into a lonely place. And the people sought him and came to him, and would have kept him from leaving them;
But he said to them, “I must preach the good news of the kingdom of God to the other cities also; for I was sent for this purpose.”
And he was preaching in the synagogues of Judea. (Luke 4:41-44)
We noted earlier in Mark 15:39 how the Centurion who claimed to witness Jesus’ death on the cross exclaimed that “Truly this man was the Son of God!” but during his life, it was said by the people of Jerusalem that he was the Prophet of Nazareth.
And when he entered Jerusalem, all the city was stirred, saying, “Who is this?”
And the crowds said, “This is the prophet Jesus from Nazareth of Galilee.” (Matthew 21:10-11)
Jesus Christ himself during his days of preaching taught the people that he was not speaking on his own accord, that what he was teaching the people was from the Creator of the Heavens and the earth, in the form of prophecies.
So Jesus answered them, “My teaching is not mine, but his who sent me; if any man’s will is to do his will, he shall know whether the teaching is from God or whether I am speaking on my own authority.
He who speaks on his own authority seeks his own glory; but he who seeks the glory of him who sent him is true, and in him there is no falsehood. Did not Moses give you the law? Yet none of you keeps the law. Why do you seek to kill me?” (John 7:16-19)
And a similar statement in the Qur’an:-
And verily We gave unto Moses the Scripture and We caused a train of messengers to follow after him, and We gave unto Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of God’s sovereignty), and We supported him with the holy Spirit (The Angel Gabriel). Is it that whenever there came to you a Messenger with what you yourselves desired not, you grew arrogant? Some, you disbelieved and some, you killed. (Qur’an, 2:87)
Being passionate about the honour and life of Jesus Christ the son of Mary is not a bad thing; it is noble and sought after. Both the Bible and the Qur’an will testify that he lead an admirable Prophetic life, an example we all can love and desire to follow.
But what I have discovered is that to show our love for someone is not by making up stories, elevating their status, nor is it to give them attributes belonging to others, especially God, Almighty.
No one can argue that getting caught up in exaggerated veneration or the false worship of any individual is an acceptable display of ones love. Showing love for someone is to speak the reality about him or her and teach their glorious stories in the truest of fashion, something I now hope to do with more vigour no longer as a Christian, but as a Muslim.
This is what I discovered at such a young age and now share with you. May God bless all of you with the best of knowledge and faith!
muslimmatters.org //This is a guest-post submitted by Brent Graham, a native of Down Under (Australia):